Answered By: Alyssa Mitchell
Last Updated: Aug 08, 2016     Views: 472

According to the APA Manual (6th edition), personal communications only need to be cited in-text. They do not have to be on your reference list unless your professor specifies other. For the in-text citation, the elements you need to include are the first initials and last name of the communicator and the exact date of the communication. Below are two examples:

J.D. Jones (personal communication, August 26, 2015)

(A.K. Smith, personal communication, September 23, 2015)

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