Answered By: Katie Hutchison
Last Updated: Jan 23, 2019     Views: 5425

In APA, encyclicals and other Church documents are cited according to the type of publication. Use the APA instructions in the Referencing guide for Books if the encyclical is a stand-alone publication or the section for Web Resources if the document is found online (see links below).

The author of a papal document is the name of the pope but do not use the title "Pope" before the name. 

Here is an example of a printed Gaudium et Spes:

Paul VI. (1965). Pastoral Constitution on the Church in the modern world: Gaudium et spes. Boston, MA: Pauline Books & Media

Here is an example of a Gaudium et Spes found online:

Paul VI. (1965). Pastoral Constitution on the Church in the modern world: Gaudium et spes. Retrieved from http://www.vatican.va/archive/hist_councils/ii_vatican_council/documents/vat-ii_const_19651207_gaudium-et-spes_en.html

In-text references for the above reference list examples would look like this:

(Paul VI, 1965)

Contact Us!

Main Library: (330) 490-7185

Questions? Ask Us!

Related Topics