The medical chart on a particular patient provides data specific a patient's key clinical data and medical history, such as demographics, vital signs, diagnoses, medications, treatment plans, progress notes, problems, immunization dates, allergies, radiology images, and laboratory and test results.
To me; citation of such a chart in APA could be considered a technical report; where the client/patient IS the subject of research or subject of the problem being studied by the author (Doctor). As in a technical report; suggestions for treatment, facts and conclusions related to the situation are all present in such a record.
Pg. 205 in the 6th ed. APA style guide provides more information about technical reporting; but here’s a couple examples of a citation related to medical information from a patient’s chart that does not identify the patient.
Physician (Year, Month date [Dictation Date]). Exam [italicized]. City: Facility.
Wilson, H. [Henry]. (2014, June 1). Right forearm. Orlando: Florida Radiology Imaging Oviedo.
Wilson, H.[Harriet]. (2014, May 22). Nuclear medicine bone scan. Orange City, FL: Florida Hospital Fish Memorial.
Zaid, A. (2016, April 11). Annual Exam (Record No. 91- 342453). Warrensville Heights: Brentwood Hospital.
HIPAA informs on access to medical records, along with stipulations on how this information can or could be shared. From the HHS.gov website (https://www.hhs.gov/hipaa/for-individuals/guidance-materials-for-consumers/index.html )
What Rights Does the Privacy Rule Give Me over My Health Information?
Health insurers and providers who are covered entities must comply with your right to:
Any other types of information identifying a particular patient by name or use of their personal medical records without their authorized permission would in fact be a HIPAA violation.