Answered By: Katie Hutchison
Last Updated: Aug 08, 2016     Views: 2083

Do you mean the title of a class you are taking at an institution of learning? 

Many students wish to use information obtained through course lectures, textbooks, or PowerPoint slides posted in their courses in their research assignments. The first step in determining how to cite course material is to answer the following questions about the item in question:

1.  Is this item retrievable? In other words, can a reader easily access this information on his or her own?

2.  Does the resource have a "clear path" to retrieve it such as a URL or publication information that an interested person could use to locate the material?

If the answer is Yes to these questions, a citiation for the references list as well as an in-text citation must be created when information from course material is integrated into your writing.  If there is no clear path to retrieval--for example, notes you may have taken during a lecture, or an unrecorded lecture given by your instructor-- treat the course material as a "personal communication" and only cite the source in the text of your writing.

Class Handouts

Course Handout (Print)

Author Last Name, First Initial. Middle Initial. (Year). Title of handout [Class handout]. Place of Publication: Institution.

Woodworth, M. A. (2013). Psychopaths [Class handout]. Bloomington, MN: Rasmussen College.

Course Handout with No Author (Print)

Title of handout [Class handout].  (Year). Place of Publication: Institution.

Psychopaths [Class handout]. (2013). Bloomington, MN: Rasmussen College.

Course Handout Posted in Online Class

Author Last Name, First Initial. Middle Initial. (Year). Title of handout [Class handout]. Retrieved from URL

 

Woodworth, M. A. (2013). Psychopaths [Class handout]. Retrieved from http://rasmussen.learntoday.info/default.asp

 

Course Handout Posted in Online Class with No Author

Title of handout [Class handout]. (Year). Retrieved from URL

Psychopaths [Class handout]. (2013). Retrieved from http://rasmussen.learntoday.info/default.asp

Lecture Notes

Lecture Notes 

Lecture notes that are posted by your professor in your online class have a "retrievable path" and require a references page citation.

Example:

Author Last Name, First Initial. Middle Initial. (Year, Month Day). Title of lecture [Lecture notes].  Retrieved from URL

Miller, T. E. (2013, July 15). Components of a marketing plan [Lecture notes]. Retrieved from http://rasmussen.learntoday.info/default.asp

Personal Lecture Notes

Personal lecture notes that are not accessible to the public are considered a "personal communication" according to APA citation rules. Only cite personal lecture notes in the text of your writing.

Example:

In his lecture to our B136 class on the components of a marketing plan, Professor Miller stated that.... (T. E. Miller, personal communication [Lecture notes], July 15, 2013).

 

PowerPoint Presentation Posted in Online Class

PowerPoint Slides Posted in Online Class

Author Last Name, First Initial. Middle Initial. (Year, Month Day). Title of PowerPoint presentation [PowerPoint slides]. Retrieved from URL

Schumar, J. F. (2013, August 10). Introduction to the respiratory system [PowerPoint slides]. Retrieved from http://rasmussen.learntoday.info/default.asp

PowerPoint Slides Posted in Online Class with No Author

Title of PowerPoint presentation [PowerPoint slides]. (Year, Month Day). Retrieved from URL

Overview of the United States court system [PowerPoint slides]. (2012, September 15). Retrieved from http://rasmussen.learntoday.info/default.asp

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