Answered By: Katie Hutchison
Last Updated: Aug 08, 2016     Views: 113

Footnotes / endnotes for online video

Section 14.280 of the Manual list the elements of an online video citation:

  •  If known, the name of the principle subject of the recording, such as a presenter, interviewee, journalist, or director..
  •  The words "interviewed by" and then the name(s) of the interviewer(s) if the recording is of an interview
  •  The title of the video clip, placed in "quotation marks."
    .
  • If the clip is part of a larger work or a collection of film clips, the title of the work as a whole in italics
  •  The medium of the recording or name of the website on which the recording is located -- YouTube video, MPEG file, New York Times video, etc.  The manual is not clear on when to list the medium of the recording vs. the name of the website.
  •  The time length of the recording
  •  The name of the person or organization who put the recording online if different from the name of the principle subject of the recording or the name of the website on which it is located
  • The date on which the recording was uploaded
  •  The Web address at which the recording may be found

If you are citing a video clip that existed in another form before it was digitized and put online, see the following note.  If you are citing a video clip that was formally published before it was digitized and put online, see this note.
 

YouTube video:
IBM's Watson Wins Person of the Year at the 15th Annual Webby Awards,” YouTube video, 2:47, posted by "TheWebbyAwards," June 13,
     2011, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=makDyycHvmw&feature=fvhl.

    • This video has no principle subject or interviewer names, hence it begins with the title of the video 
Video, with a principle subject,  from an online source other than YouTube:

John Harwood, “The Pros and Cons of Biden,” New York Times video, 2:00, August 23, 2008, http://video.on.nytimes.com/
     ?fr_story=a425c9aca92f51bd19f2a621fd93b5e266507191.

  • The Manual is unclear regarding when to include the word “posted” before the date on which the video was posted.  It is omitted in the above example, but is a part of other examples presented in the Manual.
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Bibliography for online video

Citations in a bibliography are formulated in a similar way to a footnote or endnote, but do have slight variations from the way a footnote or endnote is formulated.

YouTube video:
IBM's Watson Wins Person of the Year at the 15th Annual Webby Awards.”  YouTube video, 2:47.  Posted by
     "TheWebbyAwards," June 13, 2011.  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=makDyycHvmw&feature=fvhl.

Video, with a principle subject,  from an online source other than YouTube:
Harwood, John.  “The Pros and Cons of Biden.”  New York Times video, 2:00.  August 23, 2008 http://video.on.nytimes.com/
     ?fr_story=a425c9aca92f51bd19f2a621fd93b5e266507191.

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