Answered By: Katie Hutchison
Last Updated: Feb 08, 2017     Views: 642

Loc. cit. (Latin, short for loco citato, meaning "in the place cited") is a footnote or endnote term used to repeat the title and page number for a given work (and author). Loc. cit. is used in place of ibid. when the reference is not only to the work immediately preceding, but also refers to the same page. Loc. cit. is also used instead of op. cit. when reference is made to a work previously cited and to the same page in that work. As such, loc. cit. is never followed by volume or page numbers.

Sample usage

  • Example 1:

9. R. Millan, "Art of Latin grammar" (Academic, New York, 1997), p. 23.

10. Loc. cit.

In the above example, the loc. cit. in reference #10 refers to reference #9 in its entirety, including page number. Note that loc. cit. is capitalized in this instance.

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